Walk - Holywell St Piran Walk

8.1 miles (13.0 km)

Holywell Road, National Trust Car Park - TR8 5PW Holywell Road, National Trust Car Park

Challenging -

A long but fascinating walk for the enthusiast, around Penhale Point and through the dunes at Penhale Sands. The fifth century missionary St Piran is said to have washed up here on his millstone after he was banished from Ireland, and the walk visits the remnants of his oratory, as well as various other holy sites attached to his name. A good route in spring, when blossom covers the thorn bushes in the dunes and primroses and many other wildflowers grow among the fresh bracken unfurling beneath the bright gorse bushes. Keep your eyes open for the rare grizzled skipper butterfly.

There are a range of wonderful places to lay your head near the Coast Path for a well-earned sleep. From large and luxurious hotels, to small and personable B&B's, as well as self-catering options and campsites. The businesses that support the Path, where you've chosen to visit, are listed here.

Parkdean Resorts Holywell Bay Holiday Park

Whether you want peaceful relaxation or family fun, you’ll find it all here. Located just 10 minutes stroll from the beach.

Trevornick Holiday Park

Trevornick offers a range of 5* accommodation from camping to luxury lodges, onsite restaurant/cafe and bar, entertainment, golf courses, fishing, swimming pool and more.

Parkdean Resorts Crantock Beach Holiday Park

Overlooking the sea, the caravan park is just 5 minutes’ walk from the beach, the Path and the village of Crantock. A fantastic location with brilliant facilities.

Perran View Holiday Park

An ideal place to escape everyday life, with lots of sports activities for kids and a recharging dip in the pool and sauna for you.Just 2 miles from Perranporth beach, great for surfing, snorkeling or sailing. Range of self-catering options available.

Pentire Hotel Ltd

•Award-winning breakfasts and 75 rooms, some with Fistral Bay views. Relax in our indoor pool. Enjoy a drink with dinner. Some rooms are dog-friendly, so all welcome!

Fistral Studio

Minutes from the SWCP section Crantock across the Gannel Estuary to Newquay, Fistral Studio is a self catering chalet with shower room, parking and a private garden.

Blue Room Hostel Newquay

Hostel located near Grear Western Beach. Great access to the Gannel and/ or coast to Padstow. Dorm beds or double rooms.

You'll be spoilt for choice for where to eat and drink along the Path. With lots of local seasonal food on offer, fresh from the farm, field and waters. Try our local ales, ciders, wines and spirits, increasing in variety by the year, as you sit in a cosy pub, fine dining restaurant or chilled café on the beach. The businesses that support the Path, where you've chosen to visit, are listed here.

Bowgie Inn Ltd

With unrivalled sea views, lots of seating inside & out, The Bowgie Inn & the surrounding area is the perfect place to explore all year round!

Breakers Beach Cafe Ltd

Cosy cafe on the beach at St Agnes. Hot drinks, Cornish pasties, great food, cakes, chips & ice cream

The Garden Cafe

Great coffee, cakes, traditional Cornish cream teas & light lunches in award-winning gardens

What is on your list of things to do when you visit the Path? From walking companies, to help you tailor your visit, with itineraries and experts to enhance your visit, to baggage transfer companies and visitor attractions there are lots to people and places to help you decide what you'd like to do. The businesses that support the Path, where you've chosen to visit, are listed here.

Koru Kayaking - St Agnes

Koru Kayaking offer 2 hour stunning guided Kayak Adventures along the St Agnes Coastline & Helford River and creeks. Tandem sit on top kayaks. All equipment provided.

Visit Newquay Tourist Information Centre

We are dedicated to both the promotion of Newquay and to help you make the most of your visit to Newquay and Cornwall! Open 7days a week.

Paul David Smith Photography Courses

Improve your photography whilst taking in some of Cornwall's best views with Paul's range of photography courses.

St Agnes Taxis

30 years' experience of transferring walkers across the North Coast of Cornwall. Travel in comfort to or from the start or end of your walk. Luggage transfer service available. 4 - 8 seater available.

SUP in a Bag

Paddle Boarding Tours and Lessons. Enjoy the stunning back drop, learn and explore, spot starfish, seals and occasionally dolphins.

Interactive Elevation

Route Description

  1. Leave the National Trust car park and turn right along the path next to the road. Follow the path as it bears left just before the St Piran Inn. This is now the South West Coast Path. Keep ahead on the sandy path, bearing left at the large slate waymark. 
  2. The Coast Path climbs gently to pass round Penhale Point, giving excellent views back over Holywell Bay. The lumps and bumps seaward of the path at the Point are the remains of the defensive works of an Iron Age cliff fort. Follow the Coast Path, waymarked by the acorn symbol, on to Hoblyn’s Cove, a deep and narrow cleft in the cliffs. 

Here, as elsewhere around the entire area, traces of human habitation have been found dating as far back as the Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) period, 6000 years ago or more.

A striking feature of this part of coastline is the extent of the mine workings on and around the cliffs. The earliest records of Penhale Mine show it as producing some 41 tons of lead ore in 1777. Undoubtedly the area's mineral resources were exploited for many centuries before this. The low price of lead forced the mine to close in 1831. In 1848 it was amalgamated with Wheal Golden and East Wheal Golden and a period of prosperity followed. Between about 1867 and 1870 its recorded output was 100 tons of copper ore, 1475 tons of lead ore, 7150 oz of silver (from the lead ore), and 7100 tons of iron ore.

Ligger House, on Penhale Point, is the former count house for the Mine. Auctions were conducted in the building, and miners would bid for underground leases (or pitches). Designated as a listed building, it is now owned and maintained by the MOD, who use it for non-operational purposes.

There is also an Iron Age cliff castle on Penhale Point, and a number of important Bronze Age barrows on Ligger Point.

  1. From Hoblyn's Cove keep on the Coast Path as it goes out around the headland of Ligger Point, giving a superb view over the extensive Perran Sands to Perranporth at the far end. Reaching the dunes behind the beach the Coast Path passes an information panel at a small old quarry site and arrives at a fork in the path.
  2. Leave the Coast Path which forks to the right and follow the path to the left, a permissive path  marked with green waymarks. Follow this across an access track and keep to the waymarked path ahead as it undulates across the dunes parallel to the beach. Be sure not to stray to the left into the military training area, marked by red and white posts.
  3. After passing through a kissing-gate, continue ahead into a natural valley running across the dunes to the sea. Turn left here and follow the sandy path inland. When it forks, bear left to reach the MOD boundary and follow the path alongside the fence to arrive at St Piran’s Oratory. 

St Piran, Cornwall's national saint, is said to have built his first small chapel on a rocky outcrop on Perranporth Beach which still bears the name Chapel Rock. Although some of the building was still visible in the seventeenth century, little remains of it now, thanks to the sea's erosion.

He built the Oratory in its present position some time later, and began to preach from here. His sermons were very popular, and at 29ft by 12ft the chapel was too small to accommodate all his congregation. Over the years the chapel was enlarged and improved. Stone walls were added, and a rounded doorway decorated with three small heads. A priest's door was put in by the altar, as well as a wide ledge. A tiny window was made to let in some light.

There were other structures around the Oratory, and a sizeable graveyard, as well as a small lake nearby which prevented the building from being buried in sand. However, this drained away in time. The Oratory duly disappeared in wind-blown sand, although it kept a place in local legend. Nineteenth century archaeologist William Mitchell carried out excavations and found three skeletons under the floor, including a very large one minus its head. According to the legends, St Piran was a very large man, and after his death, at the age of 200, his head was kept in a sacred box, bound with iron and locked, and carried around the county, along with various other holy relics.

By as early as the 10th century the sands had engulfed the Oratory but it has been excavated many times since. It was surrounded by a concrete structure for protection in the early 20th century and after being buried for safety in 1980 re-excavated in 2014. An information board gives further details.

  1. From the Oratory continue in the same direction, heading towards a stone medieval cross just visible on the horizon (not to be confused with the large cross visible to the right). Walk to the cross, which is next to St Piran’s Church. There is another information board here.
  2. From St Piran’s Church go to the medieval cross and take the path which heads approximately towards some farm buildings on the skyline and marked by a small white stone (i.e. parallel to the face of the cross). Follow the most obvious path, marked by occasional white stones and, later, waymark posts, until it arrives at a surfaced road.

Around the ninth century, after the Oratory first disappeared beneath the sand, its congregation crossed the stream and built a new church a little further inland, thinking the water would protect it from being similarly buried. By the fourteenth century the church was much enlarged, and visited by a stream of pilgrims. It wasn't until the middle of the eighteenth century that mining operations drained the stream and once more the church was in danger of being overwhelmed by sand. The windows, pillars and tower were removed to a new church, which still stands in Perranzabuloe, and again the old church was left to its fate.

The early medieval cross in the dunes beside the ruined church was first mentioned in the tenth century, when it was referred to as the 'Cristel Mael'. Elsewhere around Perranporth are St Piran's Well, to the north of Perranzabuloe, and Perran Round, at Rose. Here there is a medieval 'plein an gwarry' or amphitheatre, unique to Cornwall, where miracle plays were staged. This is one of only two remaining in the county, and it is well worth a visit.

  1. Turn left along the road and follow it past Higher Mount Farm and gently downhill through Mount, to where it takes a sharp turn to the right.
  2. Turn left off the road and immediately bear right onto a footpath. Follow the path along the right edge of an open, grassy area then through trees and reeds to a footbridge over a stream.
  3. Climb to a junction of paths and turn left. Follow the obvious path on a green lane, across fields then behind some houses (good views of the dunes of Penhale Sands) until it arrives at a surfaced track at Ellenglaze.
  4. Bear left along the track and keep ahead as it becomes a footpath. This pleasant path then passes Holywell Bay Holiday Park before continuing on to arrive at the Gull Rocks Bar and Cafe and Holywell Bay National Trust car park. 


National Trust Car Park, Holywell Road, Holywell (Grid reference-SW766587)


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